Food Safety & Nutrition Facts

Food Knowledge, Food Safety & Nutrition Facts

Natural Toxins In Food

What are natural toxins? Natural toxins are toxic compounds that are naturally produced by living organisms. These toxins are not harmful to the organisms themselves but they may be toxic to other creatures, including humans, when eaten. These chemical compounds have diverse structures and differ in biological function and toxicity. Some toxins are produced by […]

Food Knowledge, Food Safety & Nutrition Facts

Microorganisms (MO)

A microorganism or microbe is “an organism  which is microscopic making it too small to be seen by the unaided / naked human eye”. The study of microorganisms is called microbiology. Main types of microorganisms Bacteria Fungi Virus Main factors affecting to growth of microorganisms Temperature Water pH Oxygen Bacteria Shapes of Bacteria Coccus:- Spherical or round shaped. Bacillus:- Rod shaped. Spiral:- […]

Food Knowledge, Food Safety & Nutrition Facts

HACCP

What is HACCP? The “Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point” system. This is a powerful product safety management technique. A preventative approach. A proven and structured method for hazard identification and control. “Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) is a systematic approach to hazard identification, assessment of risk and control. It is used by many […]

Food Knowledge, Food Safety & Nutrition Facts

Pests Control

What do pets can do? Contaminate food by droppings. Spoil food by eating part of it. Carry the diseases. Main types of pests 1. Insects Flying (adult moths, flies and larvae) Crawing (beetles, weevils and cockroaches) 2. Rodents Mice (field and house) Rats (roof and noway) 3. Birds Pigeons Crows Starlings Gulls 4. Other mammals […]

Food Knowledge, Food Safety & Nutrition Facts

Kitchen Cleaning & Sanitizing

Cleaning is “removal of dust and dirt”. Cleaning agents Detergents Solvent cleaners Acid cleaners Abrasive cleaners Sanitizing is “the process of reducing the number of microorganisms that are on a property cleaned surface to safe level”. A safe level is 99.9% reduction of the number of disease microorganisms that are of public health importance. Sanitizing agents […]

Food Knowledge, Food Safety & Nutrition Facts

Personal Hygiene

What is hygiene? Hygiene is “the science and practice of maintaining good health through cleanliness”. OR “Describe a system of sanitary principals to preserve health”. What is cleaning? Cleaning is “removal of dust and dirt”. What is sanitation? Sanitation is “clean something or a surface and remove germs for a safe level by alcoholic sanitary […]

Food Knowledge, Food Safety & Nutrition Facts

Food Contamination

Food contamination refers to food that has been corrupted with another substance – either physical, biological or chemical. Their are 3 types of contamination Biological contamination Chemical contamination Physical contamination Biological or Microbiological Contaminants The main ones are bacteria, viruses & parasites. If parasites are big enough, they can actually be seen. Viruses are smaller […]

Food Knowledge, Food Safety & Nutrition Facts

Food Preservation

Food preservation is ”the treatment of food prevent or delay spoilage and destroy or inhabit the growth of pathogenic organisms”. Methods of food preservation 1. High Temperature Pasteurization Ultra heat treatment Sterilization Cooking 2. Low Temperature Refrigerating Freezing 3. Dehydration Removal of moisture (meat, vegetable, fruits, soup) 4. Chemicals Sugar Salt Sulfur dioxide (SO₂) 5. […]

Food Knowledge, Food Safety & Nutrition Facts

Food Poisoning

What is food poisoning? Food poisoning is ”an acute illness, which usually occurs within 1 to 36 hours of consuming contaminated or poisonous food or drink”. Symptoms normally last from 1 to 7 days and includes one or more of the followings, Abdominal pain. Vomiting. Fever. Diarrhea. Collapse. Food poisoning may be caused by, Bacteria […]

Food Knowledge, Food Safety & Nutrition Facts

Food Borne Illnesses

What is a Food borne Illness? Food borne illness is an infection or irritation of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract caused by food or beverages that contain harmful bacteria, parasites, fungi, or viruses. Food borne illnesses are linked to the deaths of an estimated 2 million people annually. Mostly children – and most of these illnesses, […]

Food Knowledge, Food Safety & Nutrition Facts

Food Allergy

A food allergy is ”a condition in which certain foods trigger an abnormal immune response It’s caused by your immune system wrongly recognizing some of the proteins in a food as harmful”. Your body then launches a range of protective measures, including releasing chemicals like histamine, which causes inflammation. Symptoms can occur anywhere from a few […]

Food Knowledge, Food Safety & Nutrition Facts

Food Safety

Food safety is a ”scientific discipline describing handling, preparation , and storage of food  in ways that prevent  food borne illnesses”. Why food safety is important? Food Safety is one of the most important topic to talk about these days. If the food safety is not properly done then it can harm the human body from inside or […]